" + $site_name + " logo
We love to photograph and make high quality documentary style videos of the birds and butterflies of Oklahoma.
If you have similar interests, questions, or comments, feel free to contact us at OKBirdsButterflies@gmail.com.

The Carolina Wren - an Active and Curious Bird

Article and Photos by Charly Mann

One of my favorite birds to observe in my backyard or along the trails in Bartlesville is the Carolina Wren, but they are usually far too quick and nervous to get a picture of. They are exceptionally curious, rapidly searching a large area of a tree, fence, wall, or foliage for insects and seeds.

Carolina Wren close-iup
Carolina Wren visiting my backyard in Bartlesville

When one sees a Carolina Wren its tail is usually in an upright position, which means it is fully alert and active.

Carolina Wrens are small birds measuring only 5.5 inches in length and weighing just half an ounce. They have a slightly downward curved thin beak with a white streak extending from it over their eyes to the back of their head. They are brown on top with darker barred wings and tail. They are white underneath.

Carolina Wren up-close
At least once a month I see a Carolina Wren sitting relaxed on this branch. Notice his tail is down.

They more resemble miniature helicopters than birds as they move about by rapid flapping of their short wings from branch to branch of a tree which is almost always accompanied by their constant "chirr-up" song.

When a Carolina Wren is relaxed it sings a long loud song that sounds like "come-to-me, come-to-me or chirr-up, chirr-up, chirr-up" which is repeated for several minutes.

Carolina Wren singing
Same branch as previous picture, but another day. This time I got a ten minute serenade by this Carolina Wren.

Carolina Wrens love to sing more than any other bird, and do so from dawn to well past sunset, and some have sung their song 3,000 times in a single day.

Carolina Wrens can live as long as six years.


The Northern Flicker - A Ground Woodpecker

Photos and article by Charly Mann

Northern Flicker head shot
The colorful head of a Northern Flicker

From time to time I am lucky enough to encounter a Northern Flicker walking along on the ground near me in a secluded open area of the woods off the Pathfinder trail in Bartlesville. These beautifully colored birds are woodpeckers, but spend much of their time in open areas along the edges of woods using their long tongue to snatch ants, termites, caterpillars, crickets, and grasshoppers.

Norhern Flicker up close
Northern Flicker in a forest clearing in Bartlesville, Oklahoma

The Northern Flicker is about 12 inches in length and weighs 5 ounces. Their head is silver gray and brown with a red patch on the back. Males have a moustache streak of red or black, while females have a brown one or none at all. They have a black tail, white rump, and most of their torso is mottled brown and black, with many black spots on sides, lower breast and belly, and a black-barred brown back. Their feet and legs are gray.

Northern Flicker front view
Close-up of a male Northern Flicker

Though Northern Flickers do not feed in trees like most other woodpeckers, they do dig out cavities in trees for their nests.

Northern Flicker searching for food
Northern Flicker searching for an insect meal

Northern Flickers can live as long as 10 years.


Canada Goose

Article and photos by Kathryn Mann

The Canada Goose can be found year round in many parts of Oklahoma. They are distinguished by their black head and neck which are separated by a thick white chinstrap that stretches from cheek to cheek. They have a white breast and sides. While male and females look alike, males are usually a little larger.

Canada Goose up-close
Canada Goose beside a small lake in Bartlesville

An adult Canada Goose is a large bird weighing about 22 pounds. They are almost two feet long and have a wing span of six feet. They can fly as fast as forty miles an hour.

Canada Geese can see 180 degrees horizontally and vertically.

Perfect Canada Goose
Canada Goose about to take a dip

The Canada Goose often lives 20 years, and some have lived as long as 30.

The Canada Goose is a very smart bird. They have at least ten distinctive honking sounds that communicate different messages to one another.

Canada Geese do not mate until they are three, but then choose a companion for life that they become very devoted to. When one is unable to fly the mate will stay behind when their flock leaves for another location.

Curious Goose
A curious Canada Goose looking at me photograph her

Canada Geese often fly in large V formation flocks.

The Canada Goose often lives beside lakes that are frequented by humans. They will hiss at people if they feel threatened, but can also be docile and ask for handouts of bread and other scraps.

Juvenile Canada Goose
A juvenile Canadian Goose

Canada Geese feed in water by dabbling their heads for water plants and algae, or graze in fields and large lawns where they eat grass, berries, and seeds.


Red-Bellied Woodpecker - A Poorly Named Bird

Article and photos by Kathryn Mann

Once or twice a year I am usually lucky enough to see a Red-Bellied Woodpecker on a hardwood tree along a trail I walk along in Bartlesville.

Male Red-Bellied Woodpecker
Red-Bellied Woodpecker

Though someone got the bright idea of calling these beautiful birds Red-Bellied Woodpeckers their belly is almost entirely white except for a small patch of faded red on its abdomen, which is usually very difficult to see. Its red head and the black-and-white zebra pattern on its back are much more distinguishing features on this bird, and could have inspired a more accurately descriptive name for it. The red hood of the male extends from his forehead to the back of his neck, while on the female only the back of the neck is red.

Male Red-Bellied Woodpeckers have a wider tongue tip and longer bill than the female which allow them to find insects in the crevices of the trunk of trees. Females do most of their foraging on tree limbs.

Red-Bellied Woodpecker close-up
Male Red-Bellied Woodpecker in Bartlesville, Oklahoma

European Starlings take over up to half the nest holes in trees of The Red-bellied Woodpeckers.

Red-Bellied Woodpeckers eat lots of insects including ants and flies.

They are solitary birds and except during mating season when they can be found in pairs, are usually seen alone.

Red-Bellied Woodpeckers can live as long as 20 years in the wild.


Yellow-crowned Night Heron

Article and photos by Charly Mann

I have only seen the Yellow-Crowned Night Heron in one place in Oklahoma, in a small shallow pond in the middle of a dense forest outside of Bartlesville. For the past several years I have seen this lone Yellow-crowned Night Heron searching for food around thirty minutes after sunrise at least once or twice a month in August and September.

Yellow Crested Night Heron
Yellow-crowned Night Heron in a small wetland area in the middle of a Bartlesville forest

The Yellow-crowned Night Heron, like other herons, wades into shallow water and stands motionless until it spots its prey, usually a fish or crustacean, and then in the blink of an eye stabs its victim with its long sharp bill. While most herons only hunt during the day, the Yellow-crowned Night Heron also does so at night.

Yellow-Crested Night Heron hunting
Yellow-crowned Night Heron early morning hunting (photo taken August 2010) 

As far as I can determine there is not any yellow on the Yellow-crowned Night Heron's crown nor anywhere else on its body. They have a primarily bluish-gray body, and a black head with white cheeks, crown, and forehead. Their feathers are black on top and grey underneath.

Both sexes look the same, though females are somewhat smaller.

Yellow-Crested Night Heron in Oklahoma
Yellow-crowned Night Heron standing motionless as it watches for its next meal

The Yellow-crowned Night Heron's population has declined over the last century and the species is considered endangered by several conservation groups.

While the Yellow-crowned Night Heron can be found in Oklahoma only during the summer, some live along the Gulf Coast and part of the Atlantic Coast all year. Most however spend their Fall, Winter, and Spring in South America.

Yellow-crested Night Heron in flight
Yellow-crowned Night Heron in flight 

The Yellow-crowned Night Heron is a solitary bird, and rarely seen around other birds. They are monogamous and often live as long as six years.

Yellow-crowned Night Herons usually build their nests in trees.


House Finch - A Hollywood Star

Article and pictures by Kathryn Mann 

Until 1940 the beautiful male House Finch was found only in popular pet stores in most of the United States, and was called the Hollywood Finch because of its striking good looks. The only place they could be found in the wild then was the American southwest. Like the Common Sparrow and European Starling they were released in New York City starting in the 1940s, and have since spread to every region of the country.

Male House Finch
Male House Finch enjoying some grass

House Finches are slender and about 5 1/2 inches in length. Males have a red crown, upper breast, and rear. Their wings, back, and tail are brown. Females are primarily grayish-brown which is streaked on their sides and breast.

Female House Finch
Female House Finch in my Mulberry Tree (May 2010)

House Finches eat seeds, grains, and fruit. I often see them feasting on sunflowers and thistle throughout eastern Oklahoma. They are also regular visitors to my mulberry tree when its berries are ripe.

The female House Finch is the primary builder of their nest, though the male often brings much of the grass, weeds, and twigs used for its construction.

Alert house finch looking for seeds and other foods
House Finch surveying his surroundings for seeds and other foods

Even though House Finches are small birds it is not uncommon for them to live ten years.


Uplifting Visions
a guide to happiness, good health, and success
Charly Mann in a Hawaiian shirt
by Charly Mann

From the age of seven I have been enchanted with the idea of living happily ever after, and have made it a life quest to find that answer. I have spoken to hundreds of people – usually older and wiser than me, and read countless books and articles on the subject. In my website Uplifting Visions I share what I consider the best insights I have learned about achieving happiness in life.

Oklahoma Birds Listed by Color

House Finch - male (carpodacus mexicanus)
Purple Finch - male (carpodacus purpureus)
Northern Cardinal - male (cardinalis cardinalis)
Painted Bunting - male (passerina ciris)
Summer Tanager - male (piranga rubra)

Baltimore Oriole - male (icterus galbula)
Orchard Oriole - male (icterus spurius)

Yellow Warbler (dendroica petechia )
Baltimore Oriole - female (icterus galbula)
Orchard Oriole - female (icterus spurius)
Summer Tanager - female (piranga rubra)
Yellow Goldfinch - male (carduelis tristis)
Western Kingbird (tyrannus verticalis)
Eastern Meadowlark (sturnella magna)

Malard - male (anas platyrhynchos)
Dark-eyed Junco - female (junco hyemalis)
Ruby-throated Hummingbird (archilochus colubris)
Painted Bunting - female (passerina ciris)
Green Heron (butorides virescens)

Barn Swallow (hirundo rustica)
Belted Kingfisher (ceryle alcyon)
Blue Jay (cyanocitta cristata)
Blue Grosbeak - male (guiraca caerulea)
Eastern Bluebird (sailia sialis)
Indigo Bunting - male (passerina cyanea)
Purple Martin - male (progne subis)

Great Blue Heron (ardea herodias)
Carolina Chickadee (poecile carolinensis)
Eastern Screech-Owl (otus asio)
Red-breasted Nuthatch (sitta canadensis)
Grey Catbird (dumetella carolinensis)
Ruby-crowned Kinglet (regulus calendula)
Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher (tyrannus forficatus)
White-breasted Nuthatch (sitta carolinensis)
Tufted Titmouse (baelophus bicolor)
American Robin (turdus migratorius)
Northern Mockingbird (mimus polyglottos)
Mississippi Kite (ictinia mississippiensis)
Dickcissel (spiza americana)

American Crow (corvus brachyrhynchos)
Brown-headed Cowbird - male (molothrus ater)
European Starling (sturnus vulgaris)
Common Grackle (quiscalus quiscula)
Red-winged Blackbird - male (agelaius phoeniceus)
Spotted Towhee (pipilo maculatus)
Turkey Vulture (cathartes aura)

Black & White
American Bald Eagle (haliaeetus leucocephalus)
Black-billed Magpie (pica hudsonia)
Downey Woodpecker (picoides pubescens)
Red-Bellied Woodpecker (melanerpes carolinus)
Purple Martin - female (progne subis)
Eastern Kingbird (tyrannus tyrannus)
Dark-eyed Junco - male (junco hyemalis)
Loggerhead Shrike (lanius ludovicianus)

American Kestrel (falco sparverius)
Blue Grosbeak - female (guiraca caerulea)
Brown-headed Cowbird - female (molothrus ater)
Brown Thrasher (toxostoma rufum)
Common Nighthawk (chordeiles minor)
Carolina Wren (thryothorus ludovicianus)
Cedar Waxwing (bombycilla cedrorum)
Greater Roadrunner (geococcyx californianus)
Killdeer (charadrius vociferus)
Northern Bobwhite (colinus virginianus)
Red-tailed Hawk (buteo jamaicensis)
Cliff Swallow (petrochelidon pyrrhonota)
Horned Lark (eremophila alpestris)
House Finch - female (carpodacus mexicanus)
Northern Flicker (colaptes auratus)
Yellow-billed Cuckoo (coccyzus americanus)
Mourning Dove (zenaida macroura)
Malard - female (anas platyrhynchos)
Purple Finch - female (carpodacus purpureus)
House Sparrow (passer domesticus)
Indigo Bunting - female (passerina cyanea)
Red-winged Blackbird - female (agelaius phoeniceus)
Spotted Sandpiper (actitis macularia)
Upland Sandpiper (bartramia longicauda)
Northern Cardinal - female (cardinalis cardinalis)
Eastern Screech-Owl (otus asio)
Yellow Goldfinch - female (carduelis tristis)
Canada Goose (branta canadensis)

Wild Birds of Northeast OK

All rights reserved on Oklahoma Birds and Butterflies photography and content

Contact us